What is Tendinitis?
Inflammation, and swelling of tendons is known as tendinitis. It may also be called tendonitis. Tendons, which are flexible and tough fibrous strands of tissue, are used to connect muscle to bone. Damage to these tendons in your feet occurs as a result of overuse, repeated jumping and running, or through the wearing of improperly fitted shoes.
Patients with tendinitis experience pain to the area during movement, as well as swelling and redness. The most common forms of tendinitis in the foot occurs at the Achilles heel and is known as Achilles tendinitis.
What Are the Causes of Tendinitis?
Tendinitis occurs for several different reasons, the most important being due to overuse of the foot. Sports athletes and regular runners are those that are most prone to tendinitis. Other causes of tendinitis include:
- poorly fitted footwear
- bad posture
- tight muscles surrounding the foot
- rheumatoid arthritis and gout
- ankylosing spondylitis
- thyroid disease
What Are the Symptoms of Tendinitis?
Symptoms of tendinitis include:
- pain, which worsens at night
- swelling and tender to the touch
- redness and heat emanated from the area
- inability to put weight on the foot
What to Expect During Treatment for Tendinitis at the Podiatrist
Regular podiatric appointments can help diagnose and prevent the onset of tendinitis, especially if you are a patient that regularly plays sports or has illnesses such as arthritis and diabetes that can often cause your tendinitis to worsen if left untreated.
Your podiatrist will begin by reviewing your entire medical history, including your current lifestyle and diet choices, as well as any medications you may be taking. From there, a physical foot exam as well as a gait exam to determine your posture and how you walk will be conducted. Your choice of daily footwear is also taken into consideration, as improperly fitted shoes can exacerbate tendinitis. An ultrasound, X-ray, and blood test may also be prescribed to determine the extent of your injury and to rule out other illnesses.
Treatment for tendinitis will depend on the severity of your symptoms and the type of tendinitis you have. It will most likely include:
- follow the RICE (rest, ice, compress, elevate) protocol
- use of a splint or crutches to take the weight off your affected foot
- physical therapy
- NSAIDs and/or corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
- stretching and warming up before strenuous exercises
- wear well-fitted shoes